Ecological Reserve Proposals Needing Urgent Action
Description and purpose of Candidate Ecological Reserves (ER) made known to Friends of Ecological Reserves 2014
|ER Candidate name||Rationale for conservation||Approximate size||Additional notes|
|‘Roberts Creek Ancient Forest Headwaters’ Sunshine Coast
Coastal Western Hemlock Zone (CWH) very wet maritime (vm) variant
Unique associations of yellow-cedar (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis, Yc) and western yew (Taxus brevifolia, Tw). One 15Ha plot count had over 300 yews. A high density of culturally-modified trees (CMTs), absence of fire disturbances and invasive species and the educational and recreational value of an ancient forest stand which is accessibility from Sechelt. Forest classified as Ancient contain trees older than 500 years and on some sites older than 1000 years.
|Candidate is a 30 ha area between two existing Wildlife Habitat Areas (WHAs) designated for Marbled Murrelet habitat. If WHAs included with ER candidate the area is approx.. 100Ha||FLNRO 2013 Ecologist Report.
Coast Archaeology 2012. Culturally Modified Tree (CMT) Report.
|‘Dakota Bowl Bear Sanctuary’ Sunshine Coast(upper elevation stand within the Coastal Western Hemlock Zone vm) variant||
Subalpine mix forest stand of Yellow-cedar Chamaecyparis nootkatensis, Silver Fir, and Mountain hemlock (Tsuga mertensiana, Hm) with culturally modified trees, high concentration of black bear dens. The 2nd, 3rd and 4th largest diameter Mh found in this zone, and recorded with BC Big Tree Registry (UBC/FLNRO)
Candidate is 80 ha
|Tree age Report 2014
BC Environment Bear specialist 2013. Bear Den site visit.
|‘Clack Creek Forest Gallery’ Sunshine Coast(low elevation CWH dry maritime (dm) variant 01(mesic site on Elphinstone slope)||Largest known patch of the endangered, native plant Snow Bramble (Rubus Nivalis) a blue listed plant species, along with 2 other robust patches. Fire scarred Douglas-fir Vets, emerging old-growth stand of Western Hemlock. Candidate between two proposed WHA to protect the blue-listed Coastal Tailed and Red-Legged Frog and improves forest connectivity between adjacent streams.
|Candidate is 18Ha.Description and purpose of Candidate Ecological Reserves (ER) made known to Friends of Ecological Reserves 2014
If WHAs included with ER candidate approx. 30Ha
|Strathcona Forestry Consulting Aug 2014. Snow Bramble (Rubus Nivalis) Locations. A site visit to Mt. Elphinstone|
|Pink Mountain Alpine plateau in the Boreal Altai Fescue Alpine Zone (BAFA) zone approx. 180 km north of Fort St John||
Protect highest concentration of red and blue listed species in central and northern BC unique to this deep soil limestone ridge. Educational and research values of rare alpine ecosystems accessible by road from the Alaska Highway.
|4200 ha an area approximately 1/3 of the Pink Mountain (PM) alpine ridge adjacent to current PM Provincial Park.||UBC Botany 2014 (on going). Field studies mapping plant communities and collection of voucher specimens. PM Park protects fossils.|
|One Mile Creek Approx. 8 kilometers north of Princeton.||
Protection of very significant Eocene (about 50 million years old) lakebed shales with extremely well preserved fish, feathers, insects, flower, fruits, seeds, leaves, cones, etc.
|< 2 ha.||On private land, a small acreage. Large bibliography of scientific papers available.|
|Falkland On Estekwalen Mountain, west of Falkland. Difficult to access.||
Protection of very significant Eocene (about 50 million years old) lakebed shales with extremely well preserved fish, feathers, insects, flower, fruits, seeds, leaves, cones etc.
|10 ha||Crown land. See foot note 8.The subject of a recent PhD thesis.|
|Horsefly River About 8–10 km along the Horsefly River near town of Horsefly.||
A very significant Eocene (about 50 million years old) lakebed shales with extremely well preserved fish, feathers, insects, flower, fruits, seeds, leaves, cones, etc. Fossils are exposed along river banks due to erosion and undercutting by the Horsefly River.
|Fossils are exposed in a narrow linear feature due to river erosion. The site is estimated at 30 to 50 ha||Some private land but mostly crown land.A short list of examples of the type of research is provided|
|Parks Management Plan identified ERs additions||Purpose statements exist for all ERs. Some ERs have management direction specifying boundary changes to improve the integrity of the ER. For example additions to ERs were found for Galiano, Canoe Islet, and Ballingal Islet ERs, Small additions noted to existing ERs vary in size but collectively these additions would be small in area but provide long term improvements in integrity.||Unknown.
A review of all ER purpose statements together with local knowledge is needed.
|A review of these purpose statements is underway by Friends of Ecological Reserves.|
1.The last ER added to the ER system was added in 2004 and since then management changes have resulted in a 3% reduction of terrestrial area and a 1% reduction in foreshore area of ERs an approximate 3200 ha reduction.
2. Andy MacKinnon, Sari Saunders, and Heather Klassen, September 11, 2013. Report on DK045 RCO Research Ecologists. Submitted to Norm Kempe, BCTS.
3. Coast Interior Archeology 2012. Culturally Modified Trees (CMT) Preliminary Field Report. Submitted to Elphinstone Logging Focus (ELF).
4. Snowline Ecological Research 2014. Tree age Report. Submitted to Elphinstone Logging Focus.
5. Provincial government bear biologist. 2013. Dakota Bowl Site visit. Report under development.
6. Strathcona Forestry Consulting 2014. Snow Bramble (Rubus Nivalis) Locations, Submitted to ELF
7. UBC Botany Field Study 2014 (in Preparation). Mapping and identification of plants and plant communities of Pink Mountain BC. Submitted to Ron Long.
8. BC Parks 2006. Pink Mountain Purpose statement. Ministry of Environment Parks.
9. This site is included in a summary paper by Archibald, S.B., Greenwood, D.R., Smith, R.Y., Mathewes, R.W., and Basinger, J.F. (2011). Great Canadian Lagerstätten. Early Eocene Lagerstätten of the Okanagan Highlands (British Columbia and Washington State). Geoscience Canada, 38: 155–164. A significant list of publications are associated with this site.
10. PhD thesis (Robin Smith, Univ. Saskatchewan and Brandon Univ.) and various subsequent scientific papers.
11. A short list of research associated with proposed Fossil site ERs (more complete list available contact Friends of Ecological Reserves)
Archibald, S.B. (2005) New Dinopanorpidae (Insecta: Mecoptera) from the Eocene Okanagan Highlands (British Columbia, Canada; Washington State,
USA). Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 42: 119–136. (DOI: 10.1139/E04-073)
Barton, D., and M.V.H. Wilson. 2005. Taphonomic variations in Eocene fish-bearing varves at Horsefly, British Columbia, reveal 10 000 years of
environmental change. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 42:137-149.
Basinger, J.F., E. McIver, and W.C. Wehr. 1996. Chapter 20. Eocene conifers of the Interior; pp. 248-258 in R. Ludvigsen (ed.), Life in Stone: A Natural
History of British Columbia’s Fossils. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 310 pp.
Rouse, G.E., W.S. Hopkins, and K.M. Piel. 1971. Palynology of some Late Cretaceous and Early Tertiary deposits in British Columbia and adjacent Alberta. Geological Society of America Special Paper 127:213-246.
Stockey, R.A., and W.C. Wehr. 1996. Chapter 19. Flowering plants in and around Eocene lakes of the Interior; pp. 234-247 in R. Ludvigsen (ed.), Life in Stone: A Natural History of British Columbia’s Fossils. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 310 pp.
Potential Candidate Ecological Reserves 2014. FER proposes assessment criteria be developed and used to pilot these candidates in 2015.